Much of Southern Italy was colonized by Greeks 2500 years ago, and these areas form what we know today as Magna Greece (Great Greece). As a result, Southern Italy became a center of Greek culture, music, and language for hundreds of years. In the past, Greece has also held the Romans and Italians. To this day, we see the Greek influence in Italy, and Italian influence in Greece, through architecture, music, food and language. For example, the city of Naples was founded by the Greeks, and its name derives from the Greek Nea Polis (New City).
Naples was also grechaskamovnym town until the 9th century BC. This ancient city with a ‘secret abandoned’ underground city, where there are many original city walls, and even the Greek-Roman theater where the famous Emperor Nero played the opera! The underground city can be visited on guided tours organized by Napoli Sottateranea – “Napoli Underground”. At Bellini square in the center you can also see some Greek ruins of the original gorada.Agrygenta, Sicily, famous for Valle dei Temp (Valley of the Temples), one of the most important archaeological sites in the world, and with the & # 39 is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Agryzhenta near the main city center, there are many Doric Greek temples, including the Temple of Hercules, Temple of Zeus, and the Temple of Concord. Sicilian town of Siracusa was also an ancient Greek city. The Greeks arrived here in 734 BC and named a small island in Syracuse Artygiya the title “Ports”, the Greek word for ‘quail’, as it took the form of “quail”. (How did they know what it looked like from above …?) They also built various temples, such as the Temple of Apollo Pankaj and the temple of Athena on the central square. They also built the fountain “Aretusa”, named after the legendary nymph “Aretusa”, which is now with the & # 39 is the “party” for local youth. In addition, in the main center of Syracuse, they built the biggest theater in Sicily.
With many areas of Southern Italy for many years, they spoke Greek (Naples spoke Greek to the 9th century), so in some accents or dialects in the south can be found the influence of the Greeks. However, the Greek language as a whole is very different, but there are a few words that remain. Since the Romans also occupied Greece, some of the words could also be made to the Greek language by the Romans ….. and cry Grekanichnyya – a language spoken by the Italians living in the region Baveziya Calabria, and can be described as an Italian-Greek pazhynkav . These languages are dying out, and for their protection law was passed, although some believe that it may be too late.
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Greek, Arabic and Spanish influence in the south-Italian music can be heard when listening to different pieces of music and songs, both modern and traditional, for example. Marie Neapolitan artist Nino D & # 39; Angel. In the traditional South-Italian and Greek music used similar tools, such as the mandolin (similar to the Greek bouzouki) and tamburela (tambourine), which is a & # 39 is the most important instrument of percussion instruments in the musical tradition of Italy. Initially “tamburela” was introduced via Greek influence in southern Italy, as well as through the Arabic influence in Sicily. Tarantella – famous traditional South-Italian dance and is directly connected with the ritual of the cult of Dionysus (god of wine and patron) of ancient Greece. It is named after the tarantula spider. Approximately in the 16th and 17th centuries, people were poisoned by deadly tarantula bites of tarantulas Licosa, and it was believed that they can be cured only by the Var & # 39; yatskih dance.
The dance began to usual tact, and then gradually accelerated. The victim put itself in the “trans” and dancing in ecstasy, until they run out. Once they are exhausted and slow down, it will be perceived as a sign that they are cured. It is obvious that the Greek influence on the history and the music exists in areas Magna-Greece, where talk Grieco and Grekanika.
Greek and South-Italian cuisine have much in common. This is primarily due to the fact that they are located in two areas of the Mediterranean & # 39; I placed very close to each other, which have a similar climate and soil … as a result they use and grow similar products, for example. olives and olive oil, eggplant, zucchini, peppers, garlic and tomatoes. This in turn results in similar dishes and recipes. However, in some south Italian cuisine has a Greek influence, and vice versa, due to historical factors; Greek occupation in Southern Italy, and Roman occupation in Greece.
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For example, when the Romans occupied Greece, many Greek tutors were working in seven wealthy Roman & # 39; pits for their children, as well as Greek chefs for their kitchens … Other dishes to compare – it Parmigiyana Neapolitan dish moussaka Greeks (both dishes include a multilayer similar ingredients such as aubergines, tomato sauce and cheese), pepperonata of companies with salads Greeks, many psytav (salad of roasted peppers with olives) and melanzana companies – sharpeta (also know as melanzane-Burkett) forGreeks & # 39; melitzanes papoutsakia (stuffed eggplant, half – Italian and Greek sock papuoutsakia means “shoes”, indicating how they look).
It is therefore not surprising that the Italians and the Greeks have a saying “Una Faccia Una Razza” (pronounced una fatsa una razza in Greek)! (Translated literally, it means “one face one race” means similarity and history of Greece and Italy.)